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Posts : 261
Join date : 2010-10-10

PostSubject: American Revolutionary War   Fri Nov 12, 2010 6:05 am

as "Loyalists" or "Tories". The geographical area of the thirteen colonies is often referred to simply as "America".

American Revolutionary War
Rev collage.png
Clockwise from top left: Battle of Bunker Hill, Death of Montgomery at Quebec, Battle of Cowpens, "Moonlight Battle"
Date April 19, 1775 – September 3, 1783
Location Eastern Seaboard, Northwest Territories, Central Canada, Hudson Bay, Atlantic Ocean, Mediterranean Sea, Gibraltar, Balearic Islands, Caribbean Sea, Central America, Indian Ocean
Result Treaty of Paris
changes Britain recognizes independence of the United States, cedes East Florida, West Florida, and Minorca to Spain and Tobago to France.
Dutch Republic cedes Negapatnam to Britain.
United States
Kingdom of France
Spain Spain
Dutch Republic
Oneida (tribe of the Iroquois Confederacy)
Tuscarora (tribe of the Iroquois Confederacy)
Watauga Association
Lenape Great Britain

* Kingdom of Great Britain Loyalists

Flag of Hanover (1692).svg Hanover
Hesse Hesse-Kassel
Flagge Herzogtum Braunschweig.svg Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel
Wappen Deutsches Reich - Fürstentum Waldeck und Pyrmont.png Waldeck-Pyrmont
Iroquois Confederacy
Commanders and leaders
United States George Washington
United States Nathanael Greene
United States Horatio Gates
United States Benedict Arnold
United States Friedrich Wilhelm von Steuben
United States Marquis de La Fayette
Kingdom of France (Early Modern) Comte de Rochambeau
Kingdom of France (Early Modern) Comte de Grasse
Kingdom of France (Early Modern) Bailli de Suffren
Spain Bernardo de Gálvez
Spain Luis de Córdova
Spain Juan de Lángara
...full list Kingdom of Great Britain Lord North
Kingdom of Great Britain Sir William Howe
Kingdom of Great Britain Thomas Gage
Kingdom of Great Britain Sir Henry Clinton
Kingdom of Great Britain Lord Cornwallis (P.O.W.)
Kingdom of Great Britain Sir Guy Carleton
Kingdom of Great Britain John Burgoyne (P.O.W.)
Kingdom of Great Britain Francis Rawdon
Kingdom of Great Britain Benedict Arnold
Kingdom of Great Britain George Rodney
Kingdom of Great Britain Richard Howe
Hesse Wilhelm von Knyphausen
Joseph Brant
...full list
At Height:

35,000 Continentals
44,500 Militia
55,000+ Sailors[citation needed]
10,000 French (in America)
~60,000 French and Spanish (in Europe)[1]
At Height:

56,000 British[citation needed]
171,000 Sailors[2]
30,000 Germans[citation needed]
50,000 Loyalists[3]
13,000 Natives[4]
Casualties and losses
50,000 American dead [5] 19,740 sailors dead [6]

42,000 sailors deserted [7]
7,554 German dead
v • d • e
American Revolutionary War
Boston – Canada – New York and New Jersey – Saratoga – Philadelphia – Western – Northern – Southern – Yorktown – West Indies and Gulf Coast – Naval

The American Revolutionary War (1775–1783) or American War of Independence[8] began as a war between the Kingdom of Great Britain and thirteen British colonies in North America, and concluded in a global war between several European great powers.

The war was the culmination of the political American Revolution, whereby many of the colonists rejected the legitimacy of the Parliament of Great Britain to govern them without representation, claiming that this violated the Rights of Englishmen. The First Continental Congress met in 1774 to coordinate relations with Great Britain and the by-then thirteen self-governing and individual provinces, petitioning George III of Great Britain for intervention with Parliament, organizing a boycott of British goods, while affirming loyalty to the British Crown. Their pleas ignored, and with British soldiers billeted in Boston, Massachusetts, by 1775 the Provincial Congresses formed the Second Continental Congress and authorized a Continental Army. Additional petitions to the king to intervene with Parliament resulted in the following year with Congress being declared traitors and the states to be in rebellion. The Americans responded in 1776 by formally declaring their independence as one new nation — the United States of America — claiming their own sovereignty and rejecting any allegiance to the British monarchy.

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